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  • Environmental Clearance

  • CRZ Clearance

  • Ground Water Clearance (CGWA)

  • Consent to Establish(CTE) & Consent to Operate (CTO)

  • Consent & Hazardous Waste Authorization from Pollution Control Board

Regulatory Approval & Clearnces

Development approvals is a general reference to the broad suite of regulatory approvals that must be obtained prior to commencing a development. With few exceptions, all development activities are subject to regulation throughout the world's sovereign jurisdictions. Examples of the kind of development that is subject to regulatory approval includes: land clearing, agriculture, forestry, mining, fishing, building, urban development, transport and infrastructure corridors and water use.

A full approval to develop generally comprises a range of regulatory elements. The range usually includes tenure acquisition (for example right to access land, right to minerals or petroleum - rights which may include the requirement to consult or negotiate on native title rights), heritage protection, protection of biological diversity, environmental management, pollution control and local area approvals.

The specific requirements of each development approval varies with each jurisdiction. However, there are a range of themes and principles that occur consistently across jurisdictions. The purpose of this article is to develop a summary of those factors and to provide links to specific references and examples of current perspectives in development approvals systems around the world.

The driver for this has been the recognition by project proponents (project managers and investors) that delayed project approvals generate significant uncertainty in project feasibility and usually contribute to a significant increase in overall project costs. This has led to the creation of specialised regulatory approvals teams within project development teams as a means to better manage the increasing complexity of the regulatory system as it applies to development approvals.